Currencies aren’t just for purchasing goods and services. They’re also the backbone of the foreign exchange or forex market. In the world’s largest and busiest market (it boasts a daily trading volume of around $6.6 trillion), you can perform forex trading, which is about buying and selling currencies — leveraging the differences in exchange rates in hopes of making a profit.
Do you want to learn what is forex trading? This guide is for you.
What is forex trading?
Think of forex trading, or FX trading, like exchanging money when you go abroad. You buy one currency while selling another. But instead of doing it for practical purposes, you’re hoping to earn some profit. As the value of these currencies goes up or down based on market dynamics, there’s a potential for making when you buy or sell with the right strategies.
The trading happens in the forex or FX market, a worldwide marketplace open 24 hours daily from Monday to Friday. Unlike stock trading, where there’s a physical exchange like the New York Stock Exchange, all forex trading is done over the counter (OTC). This means it’s handled through a network of banks and financial institutions around the globe without a central exchange.
How does forex trading work?
Now that you know what is forex trading, you might ask: How does it work?
In a forex market, you are trading currencies in pairs. The pair shows the value of one currency compared to another. The first currency is called the base currency. Meanwhile, the second one is called the quote currency. Each currency in the pair has a unique three-letter code.
One common pair is EUR/USD, with EUR representing the euro and USD the US dollar. If this currency pair is quoted 1.05, 1 EUR or euro equals 1.05 USD or US dollar.
When you buy a currency pair, you expect its value to go up, meaning the first currency (base currency) is getting stronger than the second (quote currency). Conversely, selling a pair means you expect its value to drop, indicating the base currency is weakening against the quote currency. For instance, if you think the euro will strengthen against the dollar, you buy EUR/USD; if you think it will weaken, you sell. At its core, it’s about speculating on the changing values of currencies against each other. If your speculation is right, you can turn a profit.
Common forex trading terms
The whole forex trading game can be overwhelming, especially for novices. Here are some concepts to help you familiarize yourself with this type of trading.
- Ask price: This is the price at which you can buy an asset in the forex market.
- Base currency: This is the first currency listed in a forex currency pair.
- Bid price: This is the price at which you can sell an asset in the forex market.
- Currency pair: This is a combination of two currencies used in forex trading, representing the e
- Exchange rate: This is the rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another in the forex market.
- Leverage: This is a method that lets you control a big trade with a small amount of money.
- Long position (Buy): This refers to buying an asset in the forex market with the expectation that its value will increase.
- Lot: This is a standardized unit of currency in forex trading. A standard lot is usually 100,000 units of the base currency.
- Margin: This is the minimum deposit required to maintain an open position in forex trading.
- Pips: These are the smallest price movements in currency pairs in the forex market, usually the fourth number after the decimal point.
- Profit/Loss: This is the financial outcome of a closed trade in the forex market.
- Quote currency: This is the second currency listed in a forex currency pair.
- Short position (Sell): This refers to selling an asset in the forex market with the expectation that its value will decrease.
- Spread: This is the difference between the bid and ask prices in the forex market.
Read: What were the best-performing Wall Street stocks of 2023?
Forex trading benefits
Want to delve into the dynamic world of forex trading? Here are some benefits you’ll enjoy.
Forex markets are open 24 hours a day during the weekdays, providing more trading opportunities than traditional stock and bond markets. This around-the-clock operation allows you to respond to global economic events as they unfold.
The forex market is highly liquid. This high liquidity is due to the market’s enormous daily trading volume, making it easier for traders like you to buy or sell currencies without significantly impacting the market price.
Forex trading allows you to use leverage, a trading technique that can amplify profits from small movements in currency prices. With leverage, you can control a large position with a relatively small capital, potentially leading to more substantial profits.
Forex trading disadvantages
Part of responsible (forex) trading is knowing the not-so-good part of it. Here are some.
Forex trading can be highly unpredictable, with rapid market shifts and economic events causing huge price movements. This volatility requires careful risk management.
Increased risk with leverage
While leverage can help you make more profits, it also increases the potential for large losses. In a volatile market, you must be especially mindful, as small price movements can greatly impact leveraged positions.
Costs and lack of dividends
Unlike stocks or bonds, currencies don’t generate cash flow or dividends. Additionally, trading commissions and margin fees can reduce profits. Hence, you must know the costs of holding positions, particularly if using leverage.
If you want to expand your trading knowledge, it’s essential to learn all about forex — what is forex trading, how does it work and what are its pros and cons.
Forex trading is advantageous for many reasons — it offers high liquidity and 24/5 accessibility, among others. If you’re interested in it, the key is to commit to ongoing learning. Stay abreast of market changes so you can navigate this dynamic arena while managing risks.
For more miscellaneous stories, click here.